Hey, our topic is “Can You Dye Polyester And Elastane Fabric?”. Yes, there is a doubt about all the learners. But the answer is yes. Normally we think that the polyester dyeing temperature is 130 degrees temperature and the lycra /elastane dyeing temperature is 102 degrees centigrade. And another most important factor is elastane can damage during high temperatures. Yes, all of the information is right. Now I am discussing how it can be possible by considering all the parameters.
Polyester is a polyethylene terephthalate (PET) produced from ethylene glycol and terephthalic acid. Its dyeing is a thermodynamic process. Most using dyes is disperse dye. These dyes interest the inner fiber during dyeing. On the other hand, elastane is a Polyurethane-Polyurea copolymer. Normally, acid dyes are used to dye this fiber.
Yes, it’s true that it is a difficult task in the present textile to dye polyester fabric that contains elastane. But I have done it many times. Of course, I will show my experiment on this topic. Sometimes I damaged all the elastane and at the last, I set a successful process.
Dyeing process of 95% polyester 5% elastane fabric
In dyeing, we consider the part from gray fabric to dyed fabric. That means we collect the fabric from knitting and delivery to finishing. All the processes are discussed below with a practical experient.
Flow chart of polyester elastane fabric dyeing process
Short description of all the processes for better understanding.
Collect fabric from knitting gray store:
After completing the fabric is delivered to the Grey store. The dyeing department will collect this fabric according to the order requirement and send it to a batch section of dyeing.
After getting the grey fabric batch section will prepare the batch according to order and machine capacity of dyeing. A batch card is prepared here to store all information regarding knitting, dyeing, finishing parameter.
We open the fabric by the slitting machine. After knitting fabric comes in a tube formation. But this fabric contains elastane, for this reason, it needs a heat setting. Because our fabric needs in open formation in cutting section. So that we have to open the fabric for the heat set. We can also heat set in tube format. In that case no need for slitting.
Heat setting is so important factor for polyester elastane fabric. This is done to make the fabric stable. Because We know that elastane is totally unstable fiber.
Back sewing means we close the two ends of fabric width. So that fabric is in tube format again. Because dyeing machine needs a tube format fabric for avoiding some faults like side shading, Ends shading, running shade, twisting on the nozzle, etc.
Fabric load to dyeing machine:
In this stage, we load the fabric according to the batch cards.
Fabric is dyed here according to the process.
Unload and delivery to finishing:
After dying the fabric, it is delivered to the finishing.
Dyeing process steps of polyester elastone fabric:
Color Name : Black
Batch quantity : 10kg.
Dyeing Type : Disperse dying
M:L : 1: 10
Enzyme Type : No.
Cycle Time : 2.5 min.
Oxalic acid : 1 G/L
Anticreasing agent : 1 G/L
Polyester Levelling : 1 G/L
Dispersing agent : 1 G/L
Dyes : Recipe according to the lab.
Sodaash : 2 G/L
Hydrose : 2G/L
The dyeing process step by step is given below
Oxalic acid and increasing agent hot 80’c temperature
Drain and fill
Control Ph 4.5
Leveling of disperse dyeing and Antecreaseing agent injects
Rise temperature 80’c
Color(disperse dyes) dossing 30min
Rise temperature 130’c Grade 0.5
Cooling at 80’c Grade 0.5
Check the shade
If ok drain the dye batch
Dossing the soda ash lt for 10min
then rise the temperature at 80’c
rise the chemical tank temperature 80’c also
inject the hydrose
rise the temperature 95’c
cooling at 80’c drain
Neutralize the fabric with acetic acid 50,c temperature
Drain and wash clean
Polyester softener dossing 5min
Unload the Fabric and Deliver it to finishing
The complete experiment of the topic “Can You Dye Polyester And Elastane Fabric?”
1st step: The image of Grey Fabric that I collect from knitting is given below
2nd step: Dying the fabric in the dyeing machine at 130’C temperature and run for 45min. The sample I got is given below
3rd step: Reduction cleaning sample which I got. Image of reduction cleaning is given below
4th step: Neutralization image which I got is given below
5th and final step: The sample image after softener is given below
Then the fabric is delivered to finishing. After controlling all the parameters we got the actual fabric. After that, we send 1meter fabric to the lab section for all required testing. If all test report is ok, then we delivered fabric to cutting.
The finished polyester elastone fabric image is given below:
The finished fabric video of polyester elastone is given below:
This video can show:
- The quality of elastane is good.
- The recovery of elastone is good.
- There is no elastone out.
- Smoothness and silkey touch is good.
Here we discussed the topic “can-you-dye-polyester-and-elastane-fabric”. Yes, it is possible. But is good to dye separately then knit the fabric for getting a better result. Sometimes lycra will out when it is dyed 130’c temperature. You must consider some points when you choose polyester elastane fabric dyeing. which are defined below:
- High quality elastone/ lycra should habe to use.
- Heatset will have to do carefully.
- One shoot dye will give better result.
- Finishing should done with care.
- In fabric construction lycra should not visible in the face side of fabric. Because sometimes it create a melange effect. Specially in cotton elastone fabric.
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