Exclusive Cotton Double Pique Knit Fabric Dyeing And Finishing 2024

Double pique knit fabric is a special type of fabric. Its Dyeing and finishing process is also special in the present world. The dyeing finishing process and its flow chart are unique from other fabrics. Recently I developed a 100% cotton pique knit fabric and I am sharing here my experience with all the process parameters. Here also stated the testing process and actual data of my development according to different ISO testing methods.

Double Pique knit fabric
The finished fabric which I got after the development

Double Pique knit fabrics are made of thick single yarns that create a diamond pattern when knitted. The double pique pattern is created by knitting two stitches together and then knitting another stitch in the next hole. This creates a tighter knit than regular pique and creates a more dense and strong fabric with texture to it. Double pique fabrics generally have a thick woven appearance and can be used for many home projects such as kitchen aprons, tablecloths, and placemats.

Target Parameter Double Pique Fabric

fabric Type100 % Cotton
Composition100 % cotton
Color NameAs swatch
Required Dia 
Required GSM250
Special Note 

Yarn Information

Yarn count and Type22/1 cotton
Yarn composition100 % cotton
Yarn lot307/ 21
Yarn BrandBlank

Knitting Parameter

Machine  Dia and Gauge25*24 G
Total needle1884
Stitch length29
Machine No40
Machine BrandFukuyama
Machine RPM10
Grey Width176 Cm  (open)
Grey GSM
Gray Wash
Gray Wash GSM

Dyeing Flow Chart:

Dyeing  recipe :

Buying House : Practical Textile
Buyer              :  Practical Textile
Order No         : 01
Machine No    : 
Type of fabric :s/j CTN
Sro No             : 
Date              :1.01.22
Batch No       :0000
Shade/Color  :Any
Quantity        :50 Kg
L.:R.              : 
Total Water   :400 Lt
SL#  Name of the chemicalsG/Liter%Req’d Qty. In KgIssues Qty.Remarks
Pretreatment :
2Detergent0.80 0.240  
3Anticrese2.00 0.600  
4Caustic2.00 0.600  
5H2O22.50 0.750  
 Peroxide killer0.15 0.045  
8Acitic Acid1.00 0.300  
Dyeing :                                                              
13Leveling agent1.00 0.300  
14Anticreseing agent2.00 0.600  
16Color: red1.026% 0.513 gm  
17Color : red1.188 % 0.59 gm 400 mg  
18Color: Blue2.2 % 1 kg 100 gm  
20Gluber Salt70.00 28,000 kg  
21Soda Ash Lt15.00 6,000 kg  
After Treatment :
22Soaping agent0.80 0.240  
23anticreseing agent0.50 0.150  
25Fixer1.00 0.300  
27Softener2.00 0.600  

Dyeing process:


Detergent+ anticreaseing agent injects

Temperature rise 50 degree

Caustic dossing 5 min

rise the temperature to 70 degrees

Hydrogen Peroxide inject

Rise the temperature to 98 degree

run for 60min

cooling and drying

normal hot

peroxide killer injects

acid for neutralization


wash then leveling

Temperature 60c

Leveling dosing 3 minute

Runtime 10 minute

Color dosing 25 minutes (Linear)

Runtime 10 minute

1st Salt dosing 10 minute

Runtime 10 minute

2nd salt dosing 10 minute

Runtime 10 minute

Sample check

1st Soda dosing (1g/l) 25 minute

Runtime 10 minute

2nd soda dosing 10 minute

Runtime 10 minute

                                                                       Sample check

If shade ok then



Actual Dyeing procedure Steps image which I did practically

Double Pique Knit Fabric Dyeing And Finishing

Double Pique knit fabric finishing flow chart:

Slitting Parameter:

Machine Speed40
Padder pressure1.5 kg
Over FeedBlank
Fabric In Diameter25
Fabric Out Diameter170


NameHeat SetDry Time
Width set170 
Over Feed59 % 
RPM/ Speed13 
Pedder Pressure312 
Softener TypeCationic 
After Dry Width170 -165 B dia= 170-163
After Dry GSM250-210B. gsm=250-220


Stanter /Dryer Compacting 
Width set140  
Over Feed59%Temperature120
Temperature120Steam Pressure30
RPM/ Speed13Width set170
Padder Pressure312Over feed%35%
Softener TypeCationicCompaction%blank
After Dry Width170-165After Width170 -163
After Dry GSM250-210After GSM250-220
  Wash gsm250





Test Report:

Final width=    130 f145                                          Final GSM=270 f 265

Shrinkage with tumble dry:

Length= -5%

Width=-5 %


Shrinkage of line dry:




Testing of Double pique knit fabric with ISO method:

The conclusion of the test methods

Sl. No.Test NameResults (A)
01Dimensional Stability to washingPass
02Angular Variation After WashingPass
03Pilling Resistance (ICI BOX Method)Pass
04Mass per unit areaPass

01. Dimensional Stability To Washing

Test Method: NF EN ISO 5077/6330/3759

Wash Condition: Normal Program, Machine wash @40ºC, Line dry, Used Front loading washing Machine Wascator with 15.4gm  ECE reference Detergent, 4gm Sodium Per borate, and 0.65gm TAED Solution With 2.0 Kg Load.

Sample (A)After Three Wash 
DirectionResultClient Requirement

Remark: (+) Means Extension And (-) Means Shrinkage

02. Angular Variation After Washing

Test Method: ISO16322-1: 2005

Wash Condition: Normal Program, Machine wash @40ºC, Line dry, Used Front loading washing Machine Wascator with 15.4gm ECE  reference Detergent, 4gm Sodium Per borate, and 0.65gm TAED Solution With 2.0 Kg Load.

Sample (A)Result (After Three Wash)Client Requirement

03. Resistance Of Pilling (ICI BOX Method)

Test Method: NF EN ISO 12945-1:2020

Wash Condition: After Three Wash (ISO 6330, Normal Program@40ºC, Line dry)

Sample (A)ResultClient Requirement
After 14, 400 Cycle, 4hrs  
Note: Fuzzy Effects were observed 

04. Mass Per Unit Area

Test Method: NF EN ISO 3801: 1977, method 5

Test Stage: As Received Stage

Sample (A)ResultClient Requirement
Average273.5 g/m2280 g/m2 (±5%)


I discussed the 100% Cotton Double Pique Knit Fabric Dyeing And Finishing Development which I did recently. All the parameters and processes are actual. Anyone can apply the parameter. Any confusion comments me. I will give the solution.

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